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V4MO BM0B@0 ECB:0 ?0HK@05FF0. 5;0@CA:0O 04@046M=A:0O E20;O, <5^H0O A20V< ?C=:B0< 2K?;K2C V;L=N, HK@>:0 @07L;V205FF0 =0 ^AQ9 5;0@CAV </i> <a href="#10">10</a>. >AL B0: Q= O: 0:B>@ V @M6KAM@ 700=306020^AO ^ 3MBCN A?@02C HOGM ^ 1910 3., :0;V, ?0 O3>=K< C;0A=K< ?@K7=0=L=i: <i>"=5 1K;> =V @M?M@BC0@C, =V 0@BKABKG=KE AV;0^, =V AFM=VG=KE B@04KFKO^. "@M 1K;> ^AQ ?0GK=0FL 04 A0<030 ?0G0B:C</i> <a href="#11">11</a>. <dd>4=0: C BKO G0AK 1>;LH0ALFL @07<>20^ ?@0 15;0@CA:CN :C;LBC@C 70AB020;0AO 25;L<V 03C;L=0N, ?@KBK< 30;>^=K<i BM<0<i 1K;i 04C:0FKO 4K 4@C:. 560=A:VO B020@KAB2K 1K;V, <V6 V=H030, V 30;>^=K<V FM=B@0<i 2K2CGM=L=O <>2K. 1<O@:>^20;iAO ?M@A?M:BK2K 70:;040=L=O ^=V2M@AKBMBC, <03GK<0ALFi ?0;VBKG=09 0AL25BK 0:BK2VAB0^, ?;O=020;0AO AB20@KFL 03VB0FK9=KO AM:FKi ?@K ^AVE 15;0@CA:VE 0@30=V70FKOE. 0 ?5@HK< ?0A5460=L=V &M=B@0;L=05 04K 15;0@CA:VE 0@30=V70FKO^ C 5=A:C (5 6 6=V^=O 1917 3.) 1K;> 2K@0H0=0 70@30=i7020FL 3C@B>: 0AL25BK 9 :C;LBC@K ^ 2>9A:C. <dd>0@MGK, 3MB05 25;L<V 206=05 ?KB0=L=5 (BM0B0@ i 2>9A:0) =5 7=09H;> =0;56=05 ^203i 7 1>:C 70E>4=iE 40AL;54=i:0^. >9A:i ^AiE 47O@6020^  C475;L=iF 209=K  475;O  ^7L=OFLFO <0@0;L=030 4CEC 60^=5@0^ <5;V 0@<59A:VO BM0B@0;L=KO B@C?K. K:0@KAB0=L=5 BM0B@C O: V=AB@C<M=BC 03VB0FKV 9 ?@0?030=4K (03VB?@0?) 0:070^AO 2K:;NG=0 MDM:BK^=K< 0A01;i20 ^ @C:0E A025F:iE 03iB0B0@0^-?@0?030=4KAB0^.  A0?@0^4K, BM0B0@ ?@0?030=4K ?0 4CEC i4M0;L=0 04?02O405 ?@K=FK?0< 209A:>209 0@30=i70FKi. 0 ^<>20E 209=0^ AD0@<020;0AO FM;0O 35=M@0FKO 0@BKAB0^, O:VO =02CGK;VAO 04=> 4K40:BKG=K< ?@KQ<0< 4@0<0BC@3VV 9 FL2Q@40 70A2>V;V ?@K=FK?K ?0;VBKG=09 MDM:BK^=0ALFV BM0B@C . 0 B03> 6 C 5=A:C 30@047:V BM0B0@ =0 ?@0FO3C 0<0;L CAO3> 1917 3. C 3047V=K, 2>;L=KO 04 A?M:B0:;O^, ?@K<0^ C A20VE ALF5=0E ?0;VBKG=KO AE>4K  =020B #A515;0@CA:i 7L574C, :01 C@MHF5 ?010GKFL =0 A20Q9 AFM=5 ?5@HK 0:B 0125HG0=L=O =570;56=0ALFV 5;0@CAV. <dd>0 ?0G0B:C 1917 3. ;OE=>2VG =5;530;L=0 ?5@0E>47VFL ;V=VN D@>=BC 9 0?K=05FF0 ^ 5=A:C, 475 AB02VFL  CB@K<0 O<V3C . >BK< Q= 40;CG05FF0 40 3C@B:0 V=BM;5:BC0;0^ 7L  5;0@CA:05 E0B:V . V@0^=V:>< B0<BM9H09 4@0<0BKG=09 3@C?K 1K^ /42V3V= (., V ;OE=>2VG @07L<OHG05 B0< C;0A=CN B@C?C. =H0O B030G0A=0O ?@K20B=0O V=VFKOBK20  AB20@M=L=5 $. 40=>2VG0< V . $0;LA:V< 5;0@CA:030 "020@KAB20 @0<K 9 0<M4KV <a href="#12">12</a>. 40=>2VG, O:V <5^ =0<5@K 0G>;VFL "020@KAB20, @KEB020^ ?0AB0=>^:C  %0<0 ?02>4;5 -. 6MH:0209, 0;5 A?M:B0:;L 1K^ 7010@>=5=K. M1NB=0O ?0AB0=>^:0 "020@KAB20 041K;0AO 23 :@0A02V:0 1917 3. C 70;V 30@047:>30 BM0B@C 5=A:C. 020;V   7V<>2K 25G0@ ?02>4;5 -. 6MH:0209 V  0^;V=:C /. C?0;K. 27 :0AB@KG=V:0 ^ B>9 A0<09 70;V "020@KAB20 3@05  !Q=L=OH=VO V 40^=59HKO . C9;K, 0 28-30   0HK;VAO ^ 4C@=V ^:@0V=F0 . @0?V^=VF:030. 1 B@0^=O 1917 3. 4K@M:B0@0< "020@KAB20 =0720=K I. C9=VF:V <a href="#13">13</a>; 40=>2VG ?@K7=0G0=K 0@BKABKG=K< 4K@M:B0@0<, 0 $0;LA:V  04<V=VAB@0B0@0< . K;0 9 ;OE=>2VG 73>4=KO ^ BK<, HB> 7 B@0^=O B@C?0 =0:V@020;0AO =0 30AB@>;V <a href="#14">14</a>. MB0 1K;V 0?>H=VO 30AB@>;V C9=VF:030, O:V ?0<Q@ 22 25@0AL=O 1917 3. <dd>0 ?0G0B:C ;NB030 1918 3. =0 5=A: @CHK;0 =O<5F:0O 0@<VO. 0AL;O 19 ;NB030 !025B 0@>4=KE 0<VA0@0^ 0E>4=O5 2>1;0ALFV 9 0E>4=O30 D@>=BC ^FQ3 7 3>@04C 9 ?5@01@0^AO ^ !<0;5=A:. 21-30 ^ 5=A:C 0@>4=K !0:@0B0@KOB 04K A515;0@CA:030 7L574C 0125ALFV^ AO15 G0A>2K< C@040<. 0 =59:V G0A Q= =0^?@>AB C209H>^ C :0=:C@M=FKN 7L 5;0@CA:0N 040N, 70@30=V7020=09 C ABC475=V ^ V;L=V. 25 ;NB030 5=A: ?5@09H>^ ?04 :0=B@>;L =5<F0^. @07 B@K 4=V ?0 70:0=GM=L=V 205==KE 475O=L=O^ ?C1;V:C5FF0 5@H0O AB0^=0O 3@0<0B0  . /=0 1K;0 ?04?VA0=0O K:0=0^GK< 0<VBMB0< 04K A515;0@CA:030 7L574C 9 012OHG0;0 0^B0=><VN 5;0@CAV. 0 G0;5 0@>4=030 !0:@0B0@KOBC AB0^ /7M? 0@>=:0, O:V 04=0G0A>20 70=O^ ?0A04C =0@>4=030 A0:@0B0@0 70<56=KE A?@020^. 04 O3>=K< :V@0^=VFB20< 70@30=V7020;iAO =5:0;L:V =0@>4=KE A0:@0B0@KOB0^, AO@>4 O:VE 1K^ V A0:@0B0@KOB 04C:0FKV, HB> <CAV^ 700?5:020FF0 ^AQ :C;LBC@0;L=05 ?>;5. 3 A0:02V:0 1918 3. 5@0ALF59A:0O <V@=0O 40<>20 ?047O;V;0 5;0@CAL ?0<V6 30;>^=K<V 10:0<V :0=D;i:BC. V6BK< 15;0@CA:VO 2K40=L=i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dd>@EV2K   <a href="#15">15</a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i:  5;0@CA:0O 3@0<0BK:0 4;O H:>;0^ . <dd>47V= 7L ?5@HKE 40:C<M=B0^, C O:V< 1>;LH 4MB0;Q20 @073;O40NFF0 :C;LBC@=VF:VO ?;O=K  , 40BC5FF0 4=Q< 29 :0AB@KG=V:0 1918 3. = 04@0A020=K 2OA:>2K< 15;0@CA:V< @040< V 012OHG05, HB> 0?>H=VO <0NFL 70 0102O70: 04:@KFLFQ H:>;0^ V =07V@0=L=5 70 BK<, :01 VE 2CG=V =5 ?5@0B20@0;VAO B0< 0=V ^ ?0;O:0^, 0=V ^ @0A59F0^; 04:@KFLFQ 15;0@CA:VE 1V1;VOBM:0^, GKB0;L=KE 70;O^, 0 B0:A0<0 =0@>4=KE BM0B@0^ <a href="#16">16</a>. 30 B@0^=O 1918 3. B@C?0 "020@KAB20 @0<K 9 0<M4KV 1K;0 V=BM3@020=0O ^ 5;0@CA:V 0FKO=0;L=K "M0B0@ <a href="#17">17</a> 4K ?5@09H;0 ^ ?04?0@04:020=L=5 0@>4=030 !0:@0B0@KOBC. K;0 AB2>@0=0O 04<KA;>20O BM0B@0;L=0O :0<VAVO ^ A:;0475 /. 0@>=:V, . 09F0, . !5@04K 4K . 0E0@:V. <dd>27 GM@25=O 1918 3. 0@>4=K !0:@0B0@KOB   475;O ^7<0F=5=L=O 4K@M:FKV 5;0@CA:030 7O@60^=030 "M0B@C 2K@0HK^ ?@K7=0GKFL $. 40=>2VG0 0@BKABKG=K< 4K@M:B0@0< "M0B@C. >20O AB@C:BC@0 <CAV;0 4M1NB020FL 29 GM@25=O 7  0;VAL $. ;OE=>2VG0 9  =B>AL 0B0 /. >;0A0. ;5 BM0B@0;L=0O 4K@M:FKO 0@>4=030 !0:@0B0@KOBC 04@07C 6 0:070;0AO ^FO3=CB0N ^ 2K@0HM=L=5 =CB@0=KE ?@01;5<0^ "M0B@C. 5=M@0;L=0O @M?MBKFKO  0;VAL 1K;0 7109:0B020=0O 0:B>@0<V, O:VO =5 ^209H;V ^ A:;04 2K:0=0^F0^. 01 2K?@02VFL AB0=>2VHG0, /. 0@>=:0 <CAV^ C6KFL 0^B0@KB0@=KO 70E04K, 703040^HK, :01 <i>=0 M=M@0;L=KE ?@>10E 1K;V ^ "M0B@C ^A5 0@BKABK 4@C6=0, E0FO V 2>;L=KO 04 V3@K. 0 =O2K:0=0=L=5 3MB030, 2V=020BKO 1C4CFL ?0:0@0=K ^ ?5@HK @07 HB@0D0< =O <5=H 10% ?M=AVV</i> <a href="#18">18</a> . <dd> B030G0A=030 15;0@CA:030 4@C:C <>6=0 402540FF0, ?@0 =5:0B>@KO 4MB0;i 6KFLFO BM0B@C, =0?@K:;04, O: =01K20;i 1V;5BK <a href="#19">19</a> . &i:020, HB> 30;>^=K< :@KBM@0<, ?02>4;5 O:>30 3;O40G 2K7=0G0^, Fi 20@B0 iALFi =0 A?M:B0:;L, 70AB020;iAO 2>=:02KO O:0ALFi ?@K<04>==K BM0B@C, O:0O =02O205 AB>;L:V <0@0^, HB> <>6=0 701KFF0 =0 ^;0A=CN 6>=:C! (0@MGK, 3MB0 OHGM @07 ?04:@MAL;V205, HB> BM0B@0;L=0O AFM=0, O: V ?0;VBKG=0O, 2V402>G=0 ?@K7=0G0;0AO 4;O <C6GK=A:05 ?C1;V:V.) <dd>3 ;V?5=O 1918 3. ;OE=>2VG ?@K7=0G05FF0 @M?M@BC0@=K< 4K@M:B0@0< 7O@60^=030 "M0B@C <a href="#20">20</a> . "04K 6, =0 ?0G0B:C ;V?5=O, ?@K<05FF0 @M70;NFKO 01 AB20@M=L=V 1N@> BM0B@0;L=09 V=D0@<0FKV 9 BM0B@0;L=KE 0@EV20^ 475;O A?@KO=L=O ?C1;V:0FKV 4@0<0BKG=KE B2>@0^ <a href="#21">21</a> . 25 ;V?5=O 40=>2VGC ?02540<i;i ?@0 B>5, HB> 23-30 0@>4=K !0:@0B0@KOB :00?B020^ ;OE=>2VG0 ^ AO1@K 4K@M:FKV <a href="#22">22</a>. %@>=V:0, 40B020=0O 4=Q< 29 ;i?5=O 1918 3., i=D0@<C5 ?@0 B>5, HB> 7O@60^=K "M0B0@ <5@K^ 4020FL 2 6=V^=O  CB@K<0 O<V@C ;OE=>2VG0 (A0 40=>2VG0< C 30;>^=09 @>;V); 3-30  ? 5AC \O:CN?\ . @0?V^=VF:030 V 4-30   0A:V40=05 3=O74> /. C?0;K. 0AL;O G03> BM0B@ 7L1V@0^AO =0 30AB@>;V <a href="#23">23</a>. <dd>;5 =0?O@M404=V ?@M< 5@K  CB@K<0 041K^AO @0A:>;. ;OE=>2VG =0:V@>^205 ;VAB C 0@>4=K !0:@0B0@KOB, C O:i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i <CAOFL @07L2VFF0 ?0<V6 =>2K< BM0B@0< V B@C?0N " <a href="#24">24</a>? # B>9 A0<K 475=L ?@MA-:0<N=V:5 0@>4=030 !0:@0B0@KOBC 012OHG05 ?@0 7L<5=C ^ @M?5@BC0@K " <a href="#25">25</a>.  CB@K< 70<5=5=K =0  O7L2V==CN :@>^ #. 0;C1:0. # BK< 60 :0<N=V:5 0@>4=K !0:@0B0@KOB 2K7=0GK^, HB> ^A5 ? 5AK @M6KAC5 40=>2VG. ;OE=>2VG 7405FF0 F0;:0< 04Ei;5=K<. <dd>VAB 0@>4=030 A0:@0B0@KOBC 04 2 6=V^=O V=D0@<C5 /. 0@>=:C 9 $. 40=>2VG0, HB> ?@K=OB05 @0HM=L=5 70GK=VFL 5;0@CA:V 7O@60^=K "M0B0@ 7 ?@KGK=K <0BM@KO;L=KE FO6:0ALFO^ <a href="#26">26</a>. 4-30 6=i^=O 307MB0  >;L=0O 5;0@CAL (!27) 012OHG05, HB> 7O@60^=K "M0B0@ ?047O;V^AO =0 0FKO=0;L=K 5;0@CA:V "M0B0@ 40=>2VG0 9 5;0@CA:V 0@>4=K "M0B0@ ;OE=>2VG0. 02>4;5 3MB030 0@BK:C;C, 7L<5=K 041K;VAO ?04G0A ?5@0E>4C ^;04K 04  AB0@>30 40  =>2030 0@>4=030 !0:@0B0@KOBC. &O6:0 40:;04=0 0:@MAL;iFL ?@KGK=K 3MB030 @0A:>;C, 0;5 ?@K=0<AO <CAV< 047=0GKFL 7L=V:=5=L=5 07=0GM=L=O <i>7O@60^=K</i> =0 :0@KALFL 07=0GM=L=O^ <i>0FKO=0;L=K</i> 4K <i>0@>4=K</i>, HB> AL254GK;0 ?@0 2O@B0=L=5 40 0=B@M?@K7K. # O:>9 ABC?5=V 3MB0O 7L<5=0 2K:@K205 =OAB0GC AV;0^ i 2>;i 2K?@0F020FL 2K@07=CN BM0B@0;L=CN, 0 HK@M9  :C;LBC@=CN ?0;VBK:C? &V 1K^ DV=0=A02K :@K7VA 047V=0N ?@KGK=09 B03>, HB>,. =5 AC<=5==0, <>6=0 V=BM@?@MB020FL O: =CB@0=K :@K7VA? <dd>"04K 6, C 6=V^=V, ;OE=>2VG ?@07 4@C: 012OHG05 ?@0 1C4>2C 5;0@CA:030 0@>4=030 ><C, 74>;L=030 AB0FL @M7K4M=FKO O3>=05 B@C?K <a href="#27">27</a>. 5^701025 7LO^;O5FF0 ?02540;5=L=5 ?@0 ECB:05 AB20@M=L=5 0A0FKOFKV 4;O 1C4>2K ><C <a href="#28">28</a>. # B>9 G0A 30@047:V BM0B0@ =O 1K^ =0FKO=0;V7020=K 9 70AB020^AO ^ 20;>40=L=V @0A59A:05 B@C?K, 0 0@>4=K "M0B0@ ?@0F020^ C  5;0@CA:09 E0BFK , AFM=C O:>9 ;OE=>2VG ;VGK^  ?@K<VBK^=0N <a href="#29">29</a>. <dd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a href="#30">30</a>; B@C?0 40=>2VG0 7=>^ 7L2O@B05FF0 40  O7L2V==05 :@K2V 9  =B>AO 0BK . <dd>M@KO4 04=>A=030 AC2M@M=iBMBC   1K^ 25;L<V :0@>B:i. # ;VAB0?0475 1918 3. O<5GGK=0 @0A?0;0AO =0  @MA?C1;V:V !025B0^ . # AL=56=V 'K@2>=0O @<VO 70=O;0 5=A:. 040   ?0:V=C;0 3>@04 V ?5@01@0;0AO ^ >@04=N. 0A?040@>< 7@01V^AO =>2K ^@04 ?04 =0720N !025B 0@>4=KE 0<VA0@0^ 0E>4=O5 2>1;0ALFV 9 D@>=BC. 0BC@0;L=0, 1K^ AB2>@0=K 5;0@CA:V @0;5B0@A:V "M0B0@, ?@0 O:i 0<0;L =VG>30 =5 2O4><0; OHGM <5=H 2O4><0 ?@0 B>5, FV 04K3@K20^ Q= =59:CN @>;N ^ @0A?@0F>^FK =>205 :C;LBC@=05 ?0;VBK:V. 22 AL=56=O AB20@M=L=5 15;0@CA:030 A025F:030 BM0B@C AB0O;0 =0 ?0@04:C 4=O, 0;5 =52O4><0 04:C;L 7KE>47V^ 3MBK ?@05:B  7L 5=A:C Fi A0 !<0;5=A:C, 1> 6 5;0@CA:0O !025F:0O MA?C1;V:0, 0125HG0=0O 1 ABC475=O 1919 3. C !<0;5=A:C, 01@0;0 A20Q9 AB0;VF0N 5=A: B>;L:V 5 ABC475=O. 0 !B0@HK=N !025BC 0@>4=KE 0<VA0@0^ !025F:05 5;0@CAV 1K^ ?0:;V:0=K L<VF5@ K;C=>2VG (&VH:0 0@B=K). 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"M0B0@ 1K^ ?0475;5=K =0 G0BK@K AM:FKV: 4@0<0BKG=CN, E0@02CN, <C7KG=CN 4K ;VB0@0BC@=CN. # @M?M@BC0@ 1K;V ^:;NG0=KO 23 ? 5AK.  0^;V=:0 C?0;K <a href="#31">31</a> 9  BCH:0 HG0ALFO ;OE=>2VG0 70;VG0=KO ^ :0BM3>@KN 0?M@MBK.  0A:V40=05 3=O74> C?0;K,  0;VAL ,  CB@K< O<V@0 9  !B@0EV 6KFLFO ;OE=>2VG0,  O7L2V==0O :@>^ V  ?>H=O5 A?0B:0=L=5 0;C1:0 @073;O40;iAO O: ?0;VBKG=KO B2>@K, 74>;L=KO =5ALFi A0FKO;L=KO V4MV. <dd>;5, ?02>4;5 ;OE=>2VG0, AKBC0FKO 4>AKFL ECB:0 ?030@H0;0AO: <i>"0;LH02VF:0O ?0;VFKO :>6=K 25G0@ C A0;V BM0B@C @>1VFL 01;02C :>=B@@M2>;NFKO=M@0^, 0 ^ :0=FK :0=F>^ =0 A0<CN AFM=C ?0GK=05 3;O475FL O: =0  3=574> H>28=87<0"</i> <a href="#32">32</a> . <dd>(<0B EB> 7 0@BKAB0^ 7L153 7 3>@04C, V BM0B0@  @071C@K^AO . # @C1@KFK  VABK 7L 5=A:C A0FKO;VABKG=K HB>BK4=Q2V:  0FL:0^HGK=0 <a href="#33">33</a> 4@C:C5 ;VAB 0<0=0 !C=VFK 04 23 ;NB030 1919 3., 475 @0A?02O405FF0, O:V< GK=0< 9 ;NB030 <i> ?04G0A A?M:B0:;N ^ 15;0@CA:V< BM0B@K 0@KHB020;V ^AVE 15;0@CA:VE 10;LH02V:>^ 5@H030 15;0@CA:030 ^@04C </i> <a href="#34">34</a>. !O@>4 40?KB0=KE 70 <i> <0A:V@020=K H02V=V7< </i> V <i> :>=B@@M20;NFK9=CN 4759=0ALFL </i> 7=0E>47V< V<O . "0@0H:52VG0, O:><C, @070< 7 2KHM9=0720=K<V 0A=>^=K<V 012V=020G20=L=O<V, 70:i40;0AO OHGM 9 0@30=V70FKO ?03@><0^. <dd>%0FO 4;O BM0B@0;L=030 6KFLFO 3MBK ?M@KO4 =O 1K^ HG0AL;V2K, 04=0: =>2KO ?@05:BK ^AQ 6 7LO^;O;VAO. 02>4;5 40:C<M=B0, 40B020=K A0:02V:>< 1919 3., 15;0@CA:V A025F:V BM0B0@ ?02V=5= 0B@K<0FL 100 000 @C1;Q^ =0 ?@0?030=4C ?0;VBK:V 71;V6M=L=O ?0<V6 !!  V !$!  <a href="#35">35</a>. KE>47OGK 7 0FM=:V 15;0@CA:030 =0A5;L=VFB20 ^ 12 <V;LQ=0^ G0;025:, ?@0410G20;0AO AB20@M=L=5 5 ?5@0A>^=KE B@C?0^. "0:A0<0 ?@03CG0;i 01OF0=L=i DV=0=A020FL 301@09A:CN B@C?C, AB20@MFL 04?0254=CN ABC4KN 9 2K40FL B2>@K (0;><0 =V, (0;><0 ;59E5<0, 5@0F0 4K V=A:030. 0@B0 047=0GKFL, HB> ^6> ^ ;NBK< 1919 3. 70<5AB !!  1K;> AB2>@0=0 =>205 47O@60^=05 ^B20@M=L=5 VB>^A:0-5;0@CA:0O !025F:0O !0FKO;VABKG=0O MA?C1;V:0 A0 AB0;VF09 C V;L=V  VB15;. 4=0: V O5 VA=020=L=5 1K;> =O4>^3V<. . <dd>"K<G0A0< 22 :@0A02V:0 1919 3. ?>;LA:05 2>9A:0 70E0?V;0 V;L=N, 0 8 6=V^=O 9 5=A:; C@04 VB15;C <CAV^ ?5@01@0FF0 ^ !<0;5=A:; C O:0ALFV >@30=0 15;0@CA:VE ?0@BKO^ V 0@30=V70FKO^ C7L=i: '0A>2K 5;0@CA:V 0FKO=0;L=K 0<VBMB ?04 AB0@HK=AB20< . 0@C=0 . 5;0@CA:V A025F:V BM0B0@ 1K^ @0A?CHG0=K. 20 6=V^=O ?>;LA:iO ^;04K 2K40;i 4M:@MB, ?02>4;5 O:>30 ?>;LA:0O <>20 <05 7L25@E=0ALFL =04 CAV<V V=HK<V <>20<V ^ <5AF0E 4KAL;O:0FKV ?>;LA:030 2>9A:0, 0;5 =0A5;L=VFB2C 40720;O5FF0 ^6K20FL C 04<V=VAB@0FKV ?>10G 7 ?>;LA:0N 9 15;0@CA:CN <>2C. <dd> 26 AL=56=O 1919 3. 40 :@0A02V:0 1920 3. B@C?0 ;OE=>2VG0 ?047O;O5 AFM=C 30@047:>30 BM0B@0 7 ?>;LA:0N B@C?09 !:><?A:030. # A20Q9 :=i75  5;0@CA:V BM0B@ (1924) Q= B;C<0GKFL, HB> AC1AK4KO^ 0:C?0FK9=KE ^;040^ =5 E0?0;0 =0 B>5, :01 4020FL A?M:B0:;V :>6=K 475=L. #;04K 7010@0=V;V O3>=KO ? 5AK  0;VAL V  CB@K< O<V@0 , B0:i 6 ;QA =0?0B:0^  0^;V=:C 4K  0A:V40=05 3=O74> /. C?0;K 9  >4=030 H;OEFN:0 . 030=F0 , 04=0: 4072>;V;V ;OE=>2VG02C 040?B0FKN :C?0;0^A:05  0^;V=:V ?04 =07>20<  0@CGK=K 0^;V=:V . 0@0;5;L=0 0AB0F:05 "020@KAB20 <a href="#36">36</a> , 70A=020=05 $0;LA:V< =0 ?0G0B:C ?>;LA:05 0:C?0FKV, 0AB0;O20;0AO ^  5;0@CA:09 E0BFK 9 40;CGK;0 40 A2093> @M?M@BC0@C :>;L:V =>2KE ? 5A0^, B0:iE O:  0=VE 1O7 H;N1C . C475;L:V <a href="#37">37</a> FV  O7@>4=K #. 0;C1:0.  :0AB@KG=V:0 1919 3. 0AB0F:05 "020@KAB20 ?047O;O5  5;0@CA:CN E0B:C 7 4@0<0BKG=0N AM:FKO9 5;0@CA:030 @0<047:030 "M0B@C ?04 :V@0^=VFB20< !K<>=0 C7K:V (?AM^40=V< !. 20=>20). <dd># :@0A02V:C 1920 3. C 5=A:C 70@30=V7020;0AO BM0B@0;L=0O :0<VAVO =0 G0;5 7 '0A;020< >4752VG0<. 04?VA0=K V< ?@0B0:>; 04 5 B@0^=O B;C<0GKFL, HB> :0<VAVO :V@C5  0@BKABKG=0-BM0B@0;L=0N 4759=0ALFN 15;0@CA:VE 0@30=V70FKO^; ?@K7=0GM=L=5 :0<iAii  A?@KOFL @07L2VFLFN BM0B@0;L=KE 3@C?0^ V 0@BKABKG=KE 3C@B>^; :0<VAVO B0:A0<0 7LO^;O5FF0 ^;040;L=V:0< 5=A:030 5;0@CA:030 0FKO=0;L=030 "M0B@C, O:V 0B@K<0^ 3MB:CN =072C 1 B@0^=O. # ?C=:F5 40 ?@0B0:>;C AO1@K :0<VAVV 2K@0HK;V ?@K7=0GKFL $. 40=>2VG0 =0 ?0A04C 4K@M:B0@0,  <i>04:07=030 ?5@04 ?@M7K4KN<0< 70 0@30=V70FKN 4@0<K, :0<M4KV 9 >?M@K</i> <a href="#38">38</a>; 40=>2VG V ;OE=>2VG ?0:;V:0=KO =0 @M6KAM@0^; "M@0^A:V  =0 4K@M:B0@0 E>@C <a href="#39">39</a>. <dd>;5 'K@2>=0O @<VO ^6> iH;0 =0 0@H02C. KA:V <V@ 1921 3>4C ?0:V=C^ 70E04 5;0@CAi ?04 C;040N >;LHGK, 0 CAE>4 V7=>^ ?5@0B20@K^AO ^ !025F:CN 5;0@CAL. "0:V A0<K ;QA  1KFL ?0475;5=K<  G0:0^ V BM0B0@. <p><center><b>4 ?0B@KOBKG=09 4@0<0BC@3VV 0:C?0FKV<br> 40 4@0<0BC@3VV ?0@07K =0FKO=0;V7<C</b></center> <p><dd>5@04 BK< O: 0440FF0 @0A?@0F>^FK @0<0=BKG=0-4M:04M=F:05 4@0<0BC@3VV, AK<10;V7< O:>9 2K3;O405, 40@MGK, 402>;V 4KA:CAV9=K<, 0A01;V20 ^ :0=BM:ALF5 2K?@0F>^:V A025F:05 <0@0;V, ;OE=>2VG A?0G0B:C AB20@K^ B>5, HB> <>6=0 =0720FL 4@0<0BC@3VO9 0:C?0FKV. MBK DM=><M= 40AO3=C^ 2O@HK=V ^  0@CGK=0E 0^;V=:V . FM=:i 3MB030 BM:ABC =020B i AQ=L=O 72>47OFF0 40 F0;:02iB030 04:V40=L=O,  OHGM =iEB> =V:>;V =5 A?@01020^ ?0-A0?@0^4=0<C 703;K1VFF0 ^ O3>=K 7L<5AB. 57 AC<=52C, B>5, ?@0 HB> :060 ^ V< 0^B0@, <>6=0 7@07C<5FL ?@07 0;530@KG=K 7L<5AB :C?0;0^A:05  0^;V=:V . L ?5@HKE 0@K3V=0;L=KE 15;0@CA:0<>^=KE 4@0<0BKG=KE ?0AB0=>20: BM<0 H;N1C 70FL25@47V;0AO 20 ^AQ9 A20Q9 AK<10;VG=09 7=0G=0ALFV, O:0O 40720;O5 2K25ALFV =0 AFM=C 4@0<0BC@3VN =0FKO=0;L=030 O4=0=L=O. ;5 ^ 1912 3. /=:0 C?0;0 ^?5@HK=N @073>@B>205 3MBCN ?M@A?M:BK2C ^ A20Q9  0^;V=FK , =04@C:020=09 V ?5@HK @07 ?0AB0^;5=09 C 1913 3. 0?>^=5=0O <0BK20< =5<03GK<030 E0^@CAC, AK<1>;V:0 H;N1C ?0GK=05 70FL2O@460FF0 20 ^AQ9 A20Q9 42CEAM=A>^=0ALFV. <dd>0 AQ=L=O iA=020;V B@K 0A=>^=KO BM7K ^ 40GK=5=L=i :C?0;0^A:030 0@K3V=0;C. ;O #. ODQ40 0^;V=:0 AK<10;V7C5 10@0FL1C <0;04>30 ?0:0;5=L=O AC?@0FL AB0@>30 AL25BC, C10G0=CN ?@07 ?@K7<C 10@0FL1K :;OA0^: <i>0;>^=K< VE ?@0FV^=V:0< 2KABC?05 !FO?0= @K=VF:V  :C;0:, G0;025: 3@C1K V 4MA?0BKG=K, O:V 7 :0@KA;V2KE <5@:020==O^ 0<0;L HB> =5 402>47VFL A20N 40G:C 40 A0<03C1AB20 </i> <a href="#40">40</a>. <dd>. 07L=O: 0A?@MG205 3MBCN V=BM@?@MB0FKN: 4;O O3> D01C;O =5 0:@MAL;V205FF0 ?@>AB09 ;N1>^=09 V=B@K309, O:0O A;C6KFL ?@MBM:AB0< 4;O 4M<0=AB@0FKV 10@0FL1K ?0<V6 :;OA0<V 01> ?0:0;5=L=O<V; AM=A ? 5AK  ALFL25@47iFL ?@020 ^7OFL A2>9 ;QA 20 ^;0A=KO @C:V <a href="#41">41</a>. /. #AV:0^ 2K7=0G05  0^;V=:C O: :0<M4KN 04=0G0A=0 9 A0BK@KG=CN 9 ;V@KG=CN. = 73>4=K 7 ?>3;O40< . !0;04>^=V:020 <a href="#42">42</a>, 4;O O:>30 <i>"3MB0 A0?@0^4=0O ?0M<0  ?5A=O ^ 3>=0@ A<5;09 V =570;56=09 47O^GK=K, O:0O 2K@0A;0 AO@>4 AB0@>30 ^:;04C, 0;5 ^6> FO3=5FF0 40 =>2030 6KFFO"</i> <a href="#43">43</a> . <dd>0 <0Q @07C<5=L=5, 0?>H=OO V=BM@?@MB0FKO B0:A0<0 ?>^=0O =0<Q:0^. > EB> 6 3MB0 2K@0A 20 ^<>20E AB0@>30 AL25BC 9 FO3=5FF0 40 =>2030 6KFLFO? I. 0<>FV= ?04:@MAL;V20^ 42CEAM=A>^=0ALFL ?M@A0=06C <a href="#44">44</a> . MB0O 47O^GK=0 B0:A0<0 <i> B0=FC5 ?>;L:C 7 ?0=0< 4>;LD0< V  3C;O5 7L V< C 4C@=O</i> <a href="#45">45</a> [:0@B0G=0O 3C;L=O] . &V 6 B0: FO6:0 ^10GKFL BCB <MB0D0@C 5;0@CAV, O:0O 7010^;O5FF0 FV  3C;O5FF0 7 ?M@A0=060< ?>;LA:030 H;OEFVG0, C @C:V O:>30 A?@01CNFL O5 ?04?VE=CFL 59=KO 10FL:V? <dd>0;V ? 5A0 <5;0 B0:>5 3CG0=L=5, B> O=0 <CAV;0 1KFL 7@CG=0N 4;O ?0;VBKG=030 ?@0GKB0=L=O, HB> ?0FL2O@4605 3VAB>@K: . 01>2VG, O:V ?0:07205, O:V< GK=0< ? 5A0 ^A?@K<0;0AO 20 AE>4=O9 5;0@CAV ?04 ?>;LA:09 0:C?0FKO9. "<i># ?0AB0=>^FK  0^;V=:V ,  302>@KFL 047V= 7 C475;L=V:0^ 3MB030 A?5:B0:;O /=:0 %2>@0AB,  <K V<:=C;VAO ?0:070FL ?5@H 70 ^AQ 6K2KE ;N4759, =0HKE ACG0A=V:0^.  E0FO ?0475V :0<54KV 3VAB0@KG=0 =5 AC?040;V 7 ACG0A=0AFN, <K VE B@0:B020;V ?0-ACG0A=0<C. 0;>^=0O ^2030 ^ ?0AB0=>^FK :0=FM=B@020;0AO =0 2>1@070E /:V<0, 0^;V=:V, K:>^A:030. (...) 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'K< 1>;LH O=K @>1OFL 7;0, BK< 1>;LH 2K:;V:0NFL C AM@FK =0@>4C 3;CEV 3=5^, O:V 04:@K5 =0@>4C 2>GK. 034752VGC ?0B@M1=K M=M@3VG=K G0;025:, :01 ?5@040FL V=D0@<0FKN =0 B>9 1>: ;V=VV D@>=BC. = ;VGKFL, HB> =0 3MB0 74>;L=K B>;L:V 0AV;L. 0AV;L 7304605FF0. = ?>9475. 0<VBMB ?0:;0?>FVFF0 ?@0 O3>=KE 6>=:C 9 47VFO. 0AV;L CA?0<V=05 ^AQ. !20N 4@0<C. = 7=>^ ?0G=5 O5 ?VA0FL. = 4M:;O<C5: <p><center><table><tr><td align="left">0:;V:0;0 <O=5 BCB 20HKE 4C< BC30,<br> 0:;V:0^ BCB <O=5 A0@4MG=K 20HK 1>;L,<br>  O ;OF5^ 40 20A, AL?OH0^AO O: <030.<br> 0 30@DO=KE AB@C=0E V3@05 1>3 ->;L,<br>  O E0GC :@0=CFL AB@C=K =OHG0A=KE 4CH,<br> %0GC, :01 :>6=K 7 20A E0@>HK 1K^ V 4C6,<br> 01 AL<5;0 70?OO^ 3V<= @040A=K 6KFLFO!</td></tr></table></center> <p><dd>MB0 4>1@0 A:070=0: :01 AL<5;0 70?OO^ 3V<= @040A=K 6KFLFO! (...) 5=A:! 5=A:! (...) @C70;V< BK <>9! 10GC FO15!.. 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G>@B!.. 1@K40, 3040ALFL, 03V40! "DC! (...) C, 1@0B O34C3=0! >47V ^6> 3MB030 AL2V=OG030 6KFLFO! MB0: 40;59 =5;L30!.. 1> A015 :C;N ^ ;>1, 01> B@M ^@MHF5 ?0G0FL 6KFL ?0-=>20<C!.. </i><a href="#61">61</a> <dd>O:4C3=0, C@MHF5, 1C47VFL 0;C1>^A:030. >;L:V G0AC O=K ^6> BCB? '>@B O3> 25405! /=K 40?V;VAO 40 B03>, HB> ?020;V;VAO O: A:0BK =0 ?04;>3C 9 A?0;V O: AL2V=L=V. "04K O:4C3=0 ?KB05FF0 ^ 0;C1>^A:030: "<i>!:06K <=5, 0;C1>^A:V, 475;O O:>30 ;VE0 O 6K2C? '0<C O =5 ?025HCAO? '0<C O =5 70@M6CAO?"</i> <a href="#62">62</a>. <dd> ^42>E O=K ?0GK=0NFL @07L1V@0FF0 ^ <0BK20E, G0<C O=K ? NFL. O:4C3=0 A?@01C5 04:070FL: "<i>> <K, 0;C1>^A:V, 70?CB0;VAO O: <CEV ^ =59:09 ?02CGK=5... 01> =5! ;5?H A:06C: <K ?0?0;V ^ 4@K32C... 0 0;5ALAV  O B0< 1K^ 2CGKF5;5< C 04=K< <0Q=B:C  QALFL 3MB:0O 4@K320: AB0=C^ =03>9 =50ALFO@>6=0  V ^A:>GK^ ?0 ?>OA, V ^6> 7L O5 =O 2K1O@MHAO, 1> FO3=5 FO15 ^AQ 3;K159 4K 3;K159, ?0:C;L =O ^FO3=5 ^AO3> 7 30;02>9... >AL V <K ?0?0;V ^ 3MB:CN 4@K32C: :0<>AV<AO, ?@01C5< 7L O5 2K:0@01A:0FF0, 0 4@K320 ^AQ FO3=5 =0A 3;K159 V 3;K159... "</i><a href="#63">63</a> <dd># O:4C3=K QALFL HGM AV;K ?0^AB0FL. = =5 4072>;VFL 70FO3=CFL AO15 =0 4=> 10;>B0. = V7=>^ ?0G=5 6KFL.  :01 V< C42>E :V=CFL ?VFL? ;O 0;C1>^A:030 3MB0 =5<03GK<0. /<C FO?5@ 70AB05FF0 B>;L:V 703V=CFL C A20V< 10;>F5! ;5 O:4C3=0 =O 740AF0. !K?CGKO ?OA:V O3> =5 ?03;K=CFL. 0;V, =0 iE 4C<:C, 2V=> 405 HG0ALF5 4CHK 9 @040ALFL 6KFLFO, :V< 60 B04K O=K 7@01V;VAO? B@CG0=K<V:  <i><K  =OHG0A=KO GM@2V, O:VO :0?>H0FF0 ^ 1@C475, <K :@MBK=K</i> (A. 32). 0;59, Q= 405 E0@0:B0@KABK:C A20Q9 :@0V=5: <i>" ^ =0A?  ?0E<C@=0, 10;>B0, V<3;0,  ?0E<C@=0 ^ ?025B@K, ?0E<C@=0 ^ 4CHK, 0B@CB09 G0;025: 70;V205 ?0E<C@=0ALFL 4CHK... !L2OB;0 =O<0...</i> <a href="#64">64</a> <dd>K@0H0=0: 70^B@0 Q= O: AL;54 ?0<K5FF0, GKAB0 0?@0=5FF0 9 7=>^ ?0G=5 ?VA0FL:  <i>70^B@0 ?0GK=05FF0 <>9 @M=MA0=A...</i> (A. 33). =0GKFL, G0A A?0FL. 1>420 :;04CFF0 =0 ?04;>3C, @0A?02O40NGK 3VAB>@KV A2093> =O^40;030 :0E0=L=O. ;5 B@M10 A?0FL,  <i>:01 70^B@0 7 =>2K<V AV;0<V ?0G0FL A20Q 04@046M=L=5</i> (A. 35). 0^70. O:4C3=0 ?0GC205FF0 OHGM 3>@H. = 0E>?;5=K G>@=K<V 4C<:0<V. 02>HB0 Q= =0@047V^AO? 02>HB0 Q= 6K25? 20 G0;025:V 7=>^ ?@K<0NFF0 ?VFL.  5 3047V=L=V: =0 :0BM4@K. O:4C3=0 ;VGKFL: <i>" 07... 420... B@K... B@MFOO 3047V=0... 2>AL :>6=K 3MBK ABC: 3047V=L=V:0 ?@K1;V605 G0AV=C AL<5@FV. !BC:=C^ 3047V=L=V:: 4K=!  V AL<5@FL 1;V6M9...  =0HB> G0;025: @>47VFF0?.. 01 ?0<5@FV?  O:>5 3;C?AB20!"</i> <a href="#65">65</a> <dd>O:4C3=0 ?0GK=05 04GC20FL 03V4C 40 A0<>30 AO15. 06CFL, G0;025: VA=C5 :01 6KFL, :01 HB>ALFV ?01C4020FL, 0 Q= ? 5 BCB 7 0;C1>^A:V<. # A:@CA5 Q= 1 5 A20N H:;O=:C 01 7O<;N: <i>" ^ <O=5 4CH0 :@KGKFL. CH0 :@KGKFL: @0BC9F5, 1> 3V=C-?@0?040N... (0? O=5^HK). -E, <0@=0 ?@0?040N! 0;C1>^A:V! "K AL2V=L=O V O AL2V=L=O, BK ? O=VF0 V O ? O=VF0... 09 <=5 A20N @CG:C, 0;C1>^A:V!"</i> (A. 37) = F0;C5 @C:C 0;C1>^A:030, B>9 ?@0BMABC5. MB0 Q= <CAVFL F0;020FL ?0=C @C:C, 0 =5 =00420@>B. "0:A0<0 O<C F0;C5 @C:C 420 @07K. O:4C3=0 7=>^ F0;C5 0;C1>^A:0<C, :01 CAQ 1K;> ?0@>^=C: <i>" FO?5@ 40209 ?0F0;C5<AO ^ <>@4C... (&0;CNFF0). "K =OHG0A=K V O =OHG0A=K, 01>420 <K 1O74>;L=KO, ME!.. "</i><a href="#66">66</a> <dd># 01@075 6 40254205<AO, HB> O:4C3=0 ?025AV^AO. 01 04@047VFF0, B@M10 A?0G0B:C ?0<5@FV. <p><center><b>KA=>20 =0 70:0=GM=L=5</b></center> <dd>/: 10GK<, 7L<5AB 4@0<0BKG=KE B2>@0^ ;OE=>2VG0 =O <>60 1KFL ?5@040475=K B>;L:V ?@07 :@0BK GKB0=L=O, O: 3MB0 AKABM<0BKG=0 ?@0:BK:C5FF0. /=K ?0440NFF0 H<0B;V:V< V=BM@?@MB0FKO<, V BKO, O:VO <K BCB @K7K:=C;0 ?@0?0=020FL, =O QALFL 047V=K< <03GK<K< ?@0GKB0=L=5<. 0;i 1KFL 40:;04=K<, 4@0<0BC@3iO ;OE=>2iG0, C@MHF5, 70:@0=05 ?KB0=L=5 ACFM;L=05 DV7VG=05 9 V=BM;5:BC0;L=05 AL<5@FV ?M^=030 3@0<047B20, ?04:@MAL;V20NGK O3> =0BC@0;L=K ?>FO3 40 ACVFK4C, HB> 2KO^;O5FF0 ?@07 C2O475=L=5 0;530@KG=KE ?M@A0=060^. V6BK< QALFL OHGM 04=0 @MG, =0 O:CN <K =O <CAV< 701K20FF0, :0;V i475FF0 ?@0 BM0B0@: A0< ?@0FMA ? 5AK  3MB0 ?5@0=OA5=L=5 ^ ADM@C 2K<KA;C. @0<0BKG=KO BM:ABK <>3CFL CB@K<20FL H<0B ?KB0=L=O^ ?@0 =020:>;L=K AL25B, 0;5 3MB0 =O 7=0GKFL, HB> O=K AB@>30 04?02O40NFL @M0;L=0ALFV. 1> i=HK<i A;>20<i, ;VGKFL GKB0G0 FV 3;540G0 ?0710^;5=K<V ^O^;5=L=O,  <03GK<0, <5=02VB0 3MB0 9 QALFL  ?>HC:V =5<03GK<030 . KB0=L=5, O:>5 ?0^AB05 04@07C: G0<C :@KBK:V =O74>;L=KO GKB0FL B2>@K ;OE=>2VG0 O: ?@04C:BK 2K<KA;C, G0<C =O 10G0FL C<>^=0ALFi O3>=KE ? 5A0^? &V O3>=KO ?@0?07KFKV =0AB>;L:V ?04>1=KO 40 ?@0^4K, HB> 04GC205FF0 =501E>4=0ALFL VE FM=7C@020=L=O? O7L<5==05 04=>: C;0ALFV20ALFV FM=7C@K 70^64K ?0:070;L=KO 4;O 3@0<047B20, O:>5 O5 =047O;O5 3MBK<V ^;0ALFV20ALFO<V <a href="#67">67</a>. <p><center><b>V1;VO3@0DVO B2>@0^ $@0=FVH:0 ;OE=>2VG0</b></center> <p><center><b>  5 A K</b></center> <dd><b>@K320.</b> @0<0BKG=K MA:V7 C 6-QE 01@07>: 7 ?0@B@MB0< 0^B>@0. V;L=O: 2K4-20 5;. '0A>2. 04K, 1925. 63 A. <dd><b>0@CGK=K 0^;V=:V.</b>  5A0 ^ 1 0:F5 7 ?5AL=O<V V A:>:0<V // 5;0@CA:V 2>= (V;L=O). 1921. !6, 7. 22 A. (K9H;0 B0:A0<0 9 0A>1=K< 041VB:0<. 23 A.) <dd><b>0;VAL.</b> !FM=VG=V 01@07>: C 2-E 0:B0E. V;L=O: 4@C:0@=O  @0<5=L , 1919. 32 A. <dd><b>@CFV, =O :@CFV  B@M10 ?0<O@FV.</b> !FM=VG=K 3@>BMA: C H0ALFQE 01@07:>E 7 ?@0;Q30<. 5=A:: 2K4-=5 G0A0?VAC  >2K H;OE , 1944. 79 A. <dd><b>0 2QAFK.</b> 4K;L;VG=K 01@07>: C 2-E 0:B0E // 5;0@CA:V BM0B@: !FM=VG=KO B2>@K. V;L=O: 5;. 2K4. B-20, 1928. !. 35 42. <dd><b>OA:>=G0=0O 4@0<0.</b>  5A0 C 4-E 0:B0E 7 ?0@B@MB0< 0^B>@0 // 5;0@CA:V 2>= (V;L=O). 1921. !4. 17 :@0A02V:0. !. 2 6 (K9H;0 B0:A0<0 9 0A>1=K< 041VB:0<. 71 A.); B>5 6 // . 20@G0=V=. %@MAB0<0BKO =>209 15;0@CA:09 ;VBM@0BC@K. K?. 5. V;L=O: 5;. 2K4. B-20, 1927. !. 465 482. <dd><b>0= <V=VAB0@.</b> 0<M4KO C 3-E 0:B0E // V;L=O: 2K4-=5 307MBK  >;0A 15;0@CA0 , 1924. 53 A. <dd><b>BCH:0 HG0ALFO.</b>  5A0 ^ 3 0:B A0 AL?520<V V B0=F0<V. 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